Various forms of social influence have been used for a variety of reasons; sometimes to help individuals stray from harmful behaviour such as smoking; other times [not as altruistic as the latter] to sway customer decisions towards consumerism. Such changes in behaviour require systematic approaches that can be in the shape of direct personal requests; or more subtle and elaborate commercials and political campaigns. Other behavioural etiquettes sometimes require the impact of a set of rules, such as [formally] speed signs, or [informally] public space rules [staring at strangers is seen as inappropriate]; this type of influence is known as conformity, which is generally believed to be an integral part of social life.
Social norms Learning Objectives Become aware of how widespread conformity is in our lives and some of the ways each of us changes our attitudes and behavior to match the norm.
Understand the two primary reasons why people often conform to perceived norms. Appreciate how obedience to authority has been examined in laboratory studies and some of the implications of the findings from these investigations.
Introduction When he was a teenager, my son often enjoyed looking at photographs of me and my wife taken when we were in high school. Everyday observation confirms that we often adopt the actions and attitudes of the people around us. Trends in clothing, music, foods, and entertainment are obvious.
But our views on political issues, religious questions, and lifestyles also reflect to some degree the attitudes of the people we interact with. Similarly, decisions about behaviors such as smoking and drinking are influenced by whether the people we spend time with engage in these activities.
Psychologists refer to this widespread tendency to act and think like the people around us as conformity. Fashion trends serve as good, and sometimes embarrassing, examples of our own susceptibility to conformity.
To start, humans may possess an inherent tendency to imitate the actions of others.
Although we usually are not aware of it, we often mimic the gestures, body posture, language, talking speed, and many other behaviors of the people we interact with.
Beyond this automatic tendency to imitate others, psychologists have identified two primary reasons for conformity. The first of these is normative influence. When normative influence is operating, people go along with the crowd because they are concerned about what others think of them.
Fitting in also brings rewards such as camaraderie and compliments. How powerful is normative influence? Consider a classic study conducted many years ago by Solomon Asch The participants were male college students who were asked to engage in a seemingly simple task.
An experimenter standing several feet away held up a card that depicted one line on the left side and three lines on the right side. Sixteen cards were presented one at a time, and the correct answer on each was so obvious as to make the task a little boring.
Except for one thing. The participant was not alone. In fact, there were six other people in the room who also gave their answers to the line-judgment task aloud.
Moreover, although they pretended to be fellow participants, these other individuals were, in fact, confederates working with the experimenter. The mistake might have been amusing, except the second participant gave the same answer.
As did the third, the fourth, and the fifth participant.
Suddenly the real participant was in a difficult situation. His eyes told him one thing, but five out of five people apparently saw something else.
Examples of the cards used in the Asch experiment. How powerful is the normative influence? Would you be tempted to give a clearly incorrect answer, like many participants in the Asch experiment did, to better match the thoughts of a group of peers?
Fred the Oyster, https: But, would participants intentionally give a wrong answer just to conform with the other participants? The confederates uniformly gave incorrect answers on 12 of the 16 trials, and 76 percent of the participants went along with the norm at least once and also gave the wrong answer.
In total, they conformed with the group on one-third of the 12 test trials.
Although we might be impressed that the majority of the time participants answered honestly, most psychologists find it remarkable that so many college students caved in to the pressure of the group rather than do the job they had volunteered to do.
In almost all cases, the participants knew they were giving an incorrect answer, but their concern for what these other people might be thinking about them overpowered their desire to do the right thing.
This last finding is consistent with the notion that participants change their answers because they are concerned about what others think of them.
Compared with individualistic cultures, people who live in collectivist cultures place a higher value on the goals of the group than on individual preferences.
They also are more motivated to maintain harmony in their interpersonal relations. The other reason we sometimes go along with the crowd is that people are often a source of information.Conformity Essay Examples. 29 total results. A Counter-Argument to Niebur's Individual and Society Theory.
An Analysis of Society can be Unaware of Conformity and Obedience to Authority.
words. An Analysis of Balance Between Conformity and Resistance According to Leon Mann.
words. Finding a solid topic is one of the most important steps when writing any type of paper. It can be particularly important when you are writing a psychology research paper or essay.
Motivation: Motivation, forces acting either on or within a person to initiate behaviour. The word is derived from the Latin term motivus (“a moving cause”), which suggests the activating properties of the processes involved in psychological motivation. Psychologists study motivational forces to help explain. Name: Date: Analysis of Social Influence Conformity, Compliance, Obedience in Lines at Rest by Cherry Healey Cherry Healey in the article Lines at Rest talks about the beauty of aging gracefully free of the external influence of artificial beauty products. Exploration of the concepts of conformity and obedience will culminate in an analysis of Asch’s classical conformity study. The dangers of blind obedience will be evident in a discussion of Abu Ghraib. Finally, a discussion of the individual and societal influences that lead to deviance from group norms will demonstrate the utility of social.
Philosophy of Law. Philosophy of law (or legal philosophy) is concerned with providing a general philosophical analysis of law and legal institutions. Study On The Factors That Influence Conformity new topic social psychology conformity and obedience.
Research Conformity/Obedience/Online Research Question Conformity In relation to conformity, the element of persuasive and touching on satisfying a persons needs serve as tools that generate conformity. Analysis of . A detailed literary exegesis of Genesis 3, placing this passage against the background of Israelite culture, concluding that the passage is more about grace than it is about a 'fall' from grace.
Bookmark. College–Level Sociology Curriculum For Introduction to Sociology. Prepared by the American Sociological Association Task Force on a College Level Introduction to Sociology Course.
The Course * Summary Course Outline * Course Narrative. The Course. Purpose: The College-Level Sociology course is designed to introduce students to the sociological study of society.