Posted on December 5, by shanakaysaundersedtk The indigenous people like any other civilization needed the basic things in life for survival.
Saturday, December 30, Taino and Maya: This was also linked to economic activity and rules and sanctions appointed and understood by their authority enforcers and general people respectfully. Economic activity involved the means by which the societies attained their specific and general needs whether it was by subsistence to surpluses farming, by a nomadic approach to hunting, forms of trade, utilization of natural resources e.
An analysis of economic activity will also extend to the roles and contributions of different gender and age defined individuals, and different racial, ethnic and social classes in the processes of meeting their needs. This study demonstrates substantial similarities but even more differences in the social lives of these people groups, prior to the intervention of the Europeans.
From this study I will attempt to prove that although some similarities did exist between the two societies, the vast number of differences far surpasses them.
This paper will also seek to clear some of these misconceptions as it dives into the different aspects of indigenous life, firstly beginning with the Tainos. The Neolithic Revolution was the term given to the first agricultural revolution that saw the transition of the provision of needs from hunting and gathering to agriculture.
This revolution resulted in various social changes in Neolithic human societies as they moved from a nomadic to a settlement lifestyle. These changes affected social as well as economic development directly of the prehistoric societies involved and in turn all other aspects of their existence.
Out of this revolution, the prehistoric tribe of the Taino descent gained its identity as Neo-Indians and was severely affected by the changes on this transition process. Taino lifestyles were also affected by a great decrease in nomadic patterns and a greater emphasis on domestication of crops and animals, leading to the settlement of the people and the development from one prehistoric stage to the next, providing advancement.
These settlement patterns lead to new social, cultural, economic and political concepts in which the Tainos were able to progress.
For example, the concept of land ownership led to modifications to the natural environment and the ability to sustain higher population densities. This also led to a change of diet and directly to a prolonging of life.
The concept of land ownership brought along alterations to social hierarchies and surplus farming with the vision of personal wealth. The Mayans were found in the Mesoamerican region and significantly assisted in the molding of the cultural representation that that region holds today.
Historian Brinsley Samaroo argues that the Mayan civilization gained most of its advances from the study of the defeated Olmecs, as they had passed through their prime seasons of advancement c. Samaroo It was during this decline that the Mayans invaded and eradicated the Olmecs a greatly advanced society and replaced them with their own more primitive societies, all the while learning quickly from the evidence of progress left behind.
It was through this motivation for advancement and the fact that the Mayans had been around hundreds of years before the Tainos that lead to the vast differences in development stages chiefdom — civilization c.
Mayan development although seemingly advanced at the time this study is aimed at does not indicate a superior society. In fact, historians have argued that had the Tainos and the Mayans began their process of development around the same period and in the same place and without the assistance of a fallen advanced society Olmecs that the Tainos would have surpassed the Mayans in their stages of advancement.
That conclusion was derived from an approximation of the amount of time it took the both societies to reach their chiefdom stage disregarding other enabling factors like the inheritance of an empire. Mayan history was organized into two significant eras, the classic Maya period c.
These two eras for the Mayans marked the most significant change in their history; the change of the impact of religion on their world view and perspectives and in turn how thy reacted to that change.
The political systems of the Mayan civilization placed great significance on religion as the basis of their ruling power and therefore were also greatly affected by the changes occurred during the change of eras.
This political organization of their society consisted of a hierarchal ruling class with a systematic chain of command similar to the Tainos.
At this stage in Taino development, this tribe was emerging into chiefdom and social structure became more prominent in their society. Taino villages consisted of multiple houses encircling a central plaza, sometime allocated or partially allocated for crop cultivation.
They strategically established their villages deep inland near to rivers where they would be better protected from coastal attacks from unfriendly tribes, and near to rivers where they gained fertile soil, a fresh water source and means of fishing.Mayans also captures frogs and toads to use their chemical releases as a hallucination mediums in religious ceremonies.
a different authority and emphasis is appointed to the women in the two societies.
Among these groups were the Mayans, Kalinagos (Caribs) and the Tainos (Arawaks).Each group of the indigenous people have their own culture, religion, means of agriculture, hunting methods etcetera, but there are some very similar and different things about each group/5(1).
The Tainos and Kalinagos were two different Amerindian groups which inhabited the islands of the Caribbean. The Tainos lived in the islands of the Greater Antilles (Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, and the Bahamas), while the Kalinagos lived in the Lesser Antilles (Grenada, St.
Vincent, St. Lucia etc.). Island Caribs. This article needs additional citations for the Kalinagos were one of the dominant groups in the Caribbean, the descendants of Caribs, Arawak and West African people, is quite different from the music in the rest of Central America.
The most famous form is punta. Its associated musical style, which has the dancers move. "How Are The Mayans And Kalinagos And Taino Societies Different" Essays and Research Papers How Are The Mayans And Kalinagos And Taino Societies Different Cobely; pgs TAINO AND KALINAGO RESISTANCE TO EUROPEANS According to recent archaeological evidence, the Kalinago were the last migrant group to settle in .
- Modern society involves the transition of a new era: the transition is partly brought out through the use of cultural tradition, and through the production of new ideas and the invention of new techniques.