Politics of the Gilded Age Impeachment trial ticket The Gilded Age will be remembered for the accomplishments of thousands of American thinkers, inventors, entrepreneurs, writers, and promoters of social justice. Few politicians had an impact on the tremendous change transforming America.
As early ascivil service reformers gathered to create the Liberal Republican Party in an effort to unseat incumbent President Grant. Led by several midwestern Republican leaders and newspaper editors, this party provided the impetus for other reform-minded Republicans to break free from the party and join the Democratic Party ranks.
Although easily defeated in the election that Politics gilded age, the work of the Liberal Republican Party set the stage for an even stronger push for patronage reform.
Clearly owing favors to his Republican handlers for his surprise compromise victory by the slimmest of margins inPresident Hayes was ill-prepared to heed those cries for reform, despite his own stated preference for a new civil service system. In fact, he accomplished little during his four years in office other than granting favors, as dictated by Republic Party handlers.
Two powerful Republican leaders attempted to control the president. The first was Roscoe Conkling, a Republican senator from New York and leader of the Stalwarts, a group that strongly supported continuation of the current spoils system. The other was James G.
Blaine, Republican senator from Maine and leader of the Half-Breeds. A cartoon shows Roscoe Conkling playing a popular puzzle game of the day with the heads of potential Republican presidential candidates.
Hayes failed to achieve any significant legislation during his presidency.
His efforts towards ensuring African American civil rights were stymied by a Democratic Congress, and his decision to halt the coinage of silver merely added to the pressures of the economic Panic of Hayes did, however, make a few overtures towards civil service reform.
First, he adopted a new patronage rule, which held that a person appointed to an office could be dismissed only in the interest of efficient government operation but not for overtly political reasons. Second, he declared that party leaders could have no official say in political appointments, although Conkling sought to continue his influence.
Finally, Hayes decided that government appointees were ineligible to manage campaign elections. Arthur had been notorious for using his post as customs collector to gain political favors for Conkling.
When Hayes forcibly removed him from the position, even Half-Breeds questioned the wisdom of the move and began to distance themselves from Hayes. The loss of his meager public support due to the Compromise of and a declining Congressional faction together sealed Hayes fate and made his reelection impossible.
Following an expected convention deadlock, both factions agreed to a compromise presidential candidate, Senator James A. Garfield of Ohio, with Chester Arthur as his vice-presidential running mate. Garfield won a narrow victory over Hancock by 40, votes, although he still did not win a majority of the popular vote.
Despite this, less than four months into Garfield's presidency, events pushed civil service reform onto the fast track. His actions at the time were largely blamed on the spoils system, prompting more urgent cries for change. An illustration shows Garfield leaning backward in pain with a crowd assisting him while Guiteau struggles with several men in the background.From the ashes of the American Civil War sprung an economic powerhouse.
The factories built by the Union to defeat the Confederacy were not shut down at the war's end. Contents a list of Virtual Resources on the United States Gilded Age, Gilded Age Web Sites; Lesson Plans, Teacher Guides, Activites, and more; Gilded Age Web Sites.
Richest Man in the World: Andrew Carnegie Andrew Carnegie’s legacy is that of a hard-driving Gilded Age business tycoon and generous philanthropist. Famous people of the Gilded Age. The Gilded Age is a period in American society at the end of the Nineteenth Century (roughly ).
The Gilded Age is characterised by rapid economic growth and conspicuous outer wealth, providing a mask for problems, such as poverty, inequality and social injustice. During the Gilded Age, politics were riddled with corruption as presidents awarded government positions to political supporters through the patronage or spoils system.
Although several presidents made limited efforts toward reforming the spoils system, it was not until disappointed office-seeker. The Gilded Age in United States history is the late 19th century, from the s to about The term for this period came into use in the s and s and was derived from writer Mark Twain's and Charles Dudley Warner's novel The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today, which satirized an era of serious social problems masked by a thin gold .