Truman ordered the bomb dropped on two Japanese cities. His decision created a controversy that is with us today.
In the case of the British, reference is usually made to the bombing of German cities, and in particular, Dresden. In the case of Americans, reference is usually made to the atomic bombing of Japan in Augustand it is sometimes suggested that Japan was selected as a target for the atomic bomb only because the Japanese are Asian.
In other words, it is suggested that Western racism was involved.
As the Pacific War Historical Society is concerned primarily with events of the Pacific Warcomments on this issue will be restricted to some of the considerations that actually exercised the minds of those who decided that the atomic bomb should be used against Japan.
On 6 Augustan atomic bomb was exploded over Hiroshima, and the characteristic mushroom-shaped cloud can be seen in this photograph rising over the devastated Japanese city. Do young people need to be told why America used the atomic bomb on Japan? Is it necessary to acquaint young people in Western countries with the true reasons behind the atomic bombing of Japan?
I believe it is for at least two reasons. The atomic bombing of Japan in appears to be increasingly discussed in many schools as part of that vague subject called either "Social Studies"or "Study of Society and Environment".
The real reasons for using the atomic bomb against Japan often appear to be ignored and this can lead to an unfair judgment being passed against the United States. Allied with this denial, is an increasing push in Japan a to claim that Japanese troops invaded China as liberators of the Chinese from Western colonialism and b to blame the United States for "forcing" Japan to bomb Pearl Harbor as a desperate response to American embargoes on raw materials needed by Japan.
Those who push this line conveniently ignore the fact that between five and ten million Chinese were slaughtered by invading Japanese troops between and They also ignore the fact that the United States imposed the embargoes on war-related raw materials in a vain attempt to halt brutal Japanese aggression in China and elsewhere in Asia.
This bizarre revisionism appears to be increasingly reflected in letters to newspapers outside Japan. It is refreshing to see that there are still people with sufficient knowledge of WW II history to challenge this revisionism in the letters columns of newspapers.
In a radio broadcast after the atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, President Truman said: We have used it against those who attacked us without warning at Pearl Harbor, against those who have starved and beaten and executed American prisoners of war, against those who have abandoned all pretense of obeying international laws of warfare.
We have used it in order to shorten the agony of young Americans. Only a Japanese surrender will stop us. He would have been aware of the brutality, racism and fanaticism routinely displayed by the Japanese military; the cruelty towards, and frequent murder of prisoners of war and non-combatants; the raping and looting; the mass slaughter of Chinese civilians; and the willingness to fight to the last man and never surrender.
We saw evidence of that fanaticism, racism and psychopathic brutality in the murder of American pilots captured at Midway, the Bataan Death March and the Sandakan Death March, the mass slaughter of hundreds of thousands of Chinese civilians during the "Rape of Nanking" inthe mass slaughter of hospital medical staff following the fall of Hong Kong, the mass slaughter of American wounded at a field hospital at Attu in the Aleutians, the mass slaughter of Australian nurses on Bangka Island, the mass slaughter of Australian prisoners of war on New Britain, Ambon and Timor, and the murder of Australian missionary sisters when the Japanese landed at Buna in New Guinea.
The list of appalling atrocities goes on and on.
I feel that many of those who criticise the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki have little understanding of the type of war that the Americans and Australians were fighting against the Japanese.
Allied troops discovered very early in the Pacific War that the Japanese invariably fought to the last man, and even Japanese wounded were often supplied with two hand grenades. One was to kill any enemy soldier, including enemy medical staff, who approached them, and the other was to kill themselves rather than endure the shame of being captured alive.
These are the brutal and fanatical troops that Americans would have faced in an amphibious assault on the Japanese home islands in ! Iwo Jima and Okinawa demonstrate the likely heavy cost in American lives of invading Japan The American experience in capturing the Japanese islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa also played an important part in the decision to use the atomic bomb, if necessary, rather than undertake the fearsome cost of an amphibious invasion of the four Japanese home islands.
After six weeks of fierce fighting, and fanatical resistance by the Japanese over every foot of ground, the island of Iwo Jima fell to the Americans. Its capture cost the US Marines 6, dead and more than three times that number wounded.
This was the highest toll from one action in the history of the Corps. The US Navy lost lives to Kamikaze and conventional aircraft strikes.
Only Japanese were captured alive out of the garrison of 20, The American flag was raised over the Japanese island of Okinawa in the Ryukyu chain on June 22,after eighty-two days of fierce fighting during which the Japanese fanatically defended every foot of ground.
The presence of a large civilian population on Okinawa, and the blending of Japanese troops with the Japanese civilian population, increased significantly the difficulties facing American troops. The fanatical defence of Okinawa cost the United States almost 40, battle casualties on land.
That figure included 7, American dead. ApproximatelyJapanese troops died in the defence of Okinawa. In doing so, the Americans faced a problem. Instead, Japanese industrial facilities were mostly dispersed in residential areas.
The raids were then suspended. Instead of inclining Japan to surrender, the Japanese government was able to use the air raids to whip up hatred of Americans and stiffen the will of the Japanese people to fight to the death as a nation.
This was not as difficult in Japan as it would have been in Western countries. It has to be remembered that the Japanese people were products of a militaristic culture dating back hundreds of years. Japanese culture permitted Admiral Yamamoto to be viewed as a national hero after he engineered the treacherous sneak attack on the United States Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor.In the end, it would be a success in that it forced Japan to surrender and finally ended the war.
However, it opened the world to the Atomic Age and killed or injured over , people in the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Hiroshima’s population, down to roughly 83, soon after the bombing, swelled to , by February of But only some 6, lived in the city’s center, i.e., within Close space 1 kilometer of ground zero.
During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, , respectively.
The United States dropped the bombs after obtaining the consent of the United Kingdom, as required by the Quebec rutadeltambor.com two bombings killed at . Aug 07, · People are seen visiting the Atomic Bomb Dome at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima, Japan on Aug.
5. Japan is preparing to mark the . The world was stunned to learn that India has now tested nuclear weapons. For many years, all nations have been concerned about the proliferation of atomic explosives. Even in their distress, no one seems to be interested in the historic or the psychological record of why these weapons were developed, and what special breed of mankind devoted .
and the. ATOMIC BOMBING OF JAPAN. General George C. Marshall was the U.S. Army Chief of Staff during WWII, the highest ranking U.S. Army officer.
He had known of the atomic bomb project at least as far back as Oct. , when he was appointed to the small group which would oversee the project, the Top Policy Group.